Preventing a dog from barking is not achieved overnight and large doses of patience are necessary. If we easily lose our nerves and usually shout to our dog to correct a bad behavior, what we are doing is stimulating him more to bark.
Sometimes, without realizing it, we have reinforced their behavior so that they bark. So the first rule of thumb is to give orders calmly and firmly but never screaming.
Dogs bark for a different of reasons. Sometimes they can do it to warn us of the presence of a stranger or animal, to play or because of excitement. The first thing we must understand to avoid a dog barking is the reasons that encourage him to bark.
Once we know why he is barking, we can begin to deal with the problem that originates him.
Depending on what the causes are, one method or another will have to be used. It is not the same training technique that our dog barks when he feels lonely or barks when the house bell rings.
Generally, some of the reasons why a dog bark are:
Territoriality: Some breeds such as the terrier have a developed guarding instinct that makes them quite territorial. Their strong character makes them constantly alert and some dogs can cause them to bark excessively.
Fear: All contrary to the aforementioned, this type of dog used to bark at any noise or object that could scare them. This can happen in any place or situation and not only in your comfort zone.
Boredom: Certain races do not accept willingly to remain alone for a long time and bark to get attention because they are bored or sad.
Excitation: When we take our dog to the street or when he greets us after a while without seeing us, he can start barking uncontrollably out of nervousness.
Anxiety for Separation: Dogs with a strong emotional dependence on their owner tend to bark excessively when they realize they are alone.
Here are some tips and tricks to promote the well-being of our pet and help us treat you the positive way. These guidelines are usually used in dogs with severe stress problems so their goal is to achieve the dog’s tranquility and better behavior,
- If your dog barks on the street when it crosses with other dogs, the idea is to try not to pick up the leash (as the dog notices the tension) and continue with the walk as if nothing happened. We must have a calm and firm attitude so that the dog also notices it.
- Try to walk with him at times and quiet stretches to prevent this situation, once you see improvements you can try to walk in places or moments of more activity. This point is very important and helps enormously to promote the tranquility of the dog. Discover the most common mistakes of the trip and try to avoid them. The idea is that you allow your dog to sniff everything you want and that you provide a real moment of recreation.
- Do not force contact or interaction with other dogs or people if you do not want to, when he is ready he will move forward and try to relate. Forcing a dog with fears to interact can have a very negative effect on the animal and even cause extreme aggression and fear.
- We can also try to distract him with treats when the stimulus that causes his bark (a bell, other dogs) appears.
- Asking him to sit down and do tricks while you reward him is a good way to turn the situation around.
Remember, that each dog is not all the same and that these tips may not always work. If your situation is really serious, it is advisable to go to a specialist who will perfectly understand the causes and advise us correctly on how to apply the techniques.